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Full text of "Message from the President of the United States, accompanying a report of the Secretary of the Treasury to him : and two statements marked A and B, on the subject of marine hospitals : also, sundry documents respecting the situation of seamen and boatmen of the United States, frequenting the port of New-Orleans : 24th February, 1802 : read, and referred to the Committee of Commerce and Manufactures"

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LIBRARY OF THE 






SURGEON GENERAL'S OFFICE 

LIBRARY. 



Section 



No. 113, 
W.D.S. G.O 



N0.&&2A30 



Presented to the 

Statistical Division, Surgeon-General's 
Library, United States Army 

Washington, D. C. 



The Prudential Insurance Co. of America 

Newark, New Jersey 



Ti^t "C ^2-J 






M 



MESSAGE 

TROr.I THE 

President of the United States 7 

ACCOMPANYING 

A R E P O R T 

OF THE 

Secretary of the Treasury 

To him, and two statements marked A and B, on 

the subject of 

MARINE HOSPITALS; 

Also, sundry documents respecting the situation 
of seamen and boatmen of the United States, 
frequenting the port cf New-Orleans. 



24 lb i: , 12C2, 



Read, and i he committee cf Commerce 

res. 



•■- 



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■ 



MESSAGE. 



Gentlemen of the Senate, and 
of the House of Representatives, 

J COMMUNICATE to both houses of Con- 
gress a report of the Secretary of the Treasury 
on the subject of our Marine Hospitals, which 
appear to require legislative attention. 

As connected with the same subject, I also in- 
close information respecting the situation of our 
seamen and boatmen frequenting the port of 
New-Orleans, and suffering there from sickness 
and the want of accommodation. There is good 
reason to believe their numbers greater than sta- 
ted in these papers. When we consider how 
great a proportion of the territory of the United 
States must communicate with that port singly ; 
and how rapidly that territory is increasing its 
population and productions, it may perhaps be 
thought reasonable to make hospital provisions 
there of a different order from those at foreign 

ports generally. 

Th : JEFFERSON. 
February 24, 1802. 



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Sir, 

I Have the honor to enclose two statements 
in relation to the Marine Hospitals. 

The statement A exhibits the balances remain- 
ing unexpended in the hands of the several collec- 
tors and agents on the 30th September last, or on 
.the last day to which returns have been received. 

The statement B exhibits the total amount re- 
ceived in each state, and expended by each Hos- 
pital from the commencement of the institution to 
the same day. 

The only ports where Hospitals have been esta- 
blished or temporary relief afforded to the sea- 
men, are, 

1st. Boston, Newport, Norfolk and Charleston, 
(S. C.) where Marine Hospitals have been alto- 
gether established under the laws of Congress, ex- 
clusively appropriated to the use of seamen, and 
solely supported out of the funds raised under the 
authority of the United States. The Hospital at 
Newport has lately been discontinued. 

2d. Baltimore, where the Hospital is in the same 
situation as to its funds, but is placed under the 
controul of the board of Health. 

3d. New- York and Philadelphia, where sick 
seamen are received in the city Hospital, at a fixed 
rate per week, paid out of the Marine Hospital 
fund. 

4th. Portland, New-London, Wilmington, 
(N. C.) Newbern, Edenton, and lately Newport 
and Alexandria, where temporary relief is' afforded 
in private boarding Houses. 



( 6 ) 

5th. Savannah, from which no returns have 
been received. 

By the statement B, it appears that the whole 
sum received from seamen, either in private or in 
public service, amounts to 147,875 dollars and 
58 cents, of which 6,185^ have been applied to 
the purchase of the Hospital at Gosport, near Nor- 
folk, and 74,636/^ have been expended for the 
relief of sick seamen; that 73,761^ remain unex- 
pended in the hands of sundry collectors and 
agents, and that 6,707-/^ are due to certain agents 
who have expended more than has been received 
by them. 

This last circumstance has taken place in New- 
port, Norfolk and Charleston, namely in three of 
the four Marine Hospitals which have been esta- 
blished : and it will be perceived, by a recurrence 
to the same statement, that to those three places the 
Navy fund has been exclusively applied. But this 
last fund being nearly exhausted, it is impractica- 
ble to continue any longer the established Hospi- 
tals at Norfolk and Charleston, unless Congress 
shall think proper to grant them some aid, or to 
make such alterations in the law as will permit a 
more general application of the fund. 

Under existing circumstances, if no alteration 
shall be made, it will be necessary to write to the 
collectors of both places, to discontinue in toto y 
the Hospitals after the 31st March next. For the 
advances made by them, must, by this time, ex- 
ceed twelve thousand dollars ; these have been paid 
out of the proceeds of the duties on import and 
tonnage, and cannot be admitted to their credit, in 
their accounts as collectors. It will be necessary 
for them to continue to collect the seaman-money, 
until they shall have been fully re-imbursed for 
their advances. 



( 7 ) 

If it be asked why the funds have proven insuf- 
ficient in those two places, the following rea- 
sons, it is believed, may be assigned. — 1st. The 
establishment of an Hospital ; instead of having 
had recourse to city or state institutions, as in 
Philadelphia and New* York ; which has drawn 
with it all the expences of superintendance, attend- 
ing Physicians &c. For what reason the Gosport 
Hospital was purchased from the state of Virginia 
I am at a loss to know ; but if it was intended for 
the Navy it should be supported out of the funds 
appropriated for that Department, and placed un- 
der its controul. The building is much too large 
and in an unfinished state, and wants immediate 
and expensive repairs. 2dly. Those two seaports 
are more expensive, and generally, so far especial- 
ly as relates to non residents, more sickly than the 
more northern ports. 3dly. The provision of the 
law which makes seamen on board coasting ves- 
sels pay only in the port to which they belong, is 
unjust in its operation, and bears more particular- 
ly on the southern ports. 

It is necessary to state, that complaints are fre- 
quently received from those ports where no relief 
has yet been granted ; the seamen complaining 
that they pay without deriving any benefit from it. 
This may be true in some instances ; but it is 
doubtful whether the application of the funds, in 
such manner that they might find relief in all the 
important ports of the Union in case of sickness, 
may not be more beneficial to them, than a pro- 
vision in the ports where they reside, and where 
they want it least. 

Whilst the expenditure of the money is restric- 
ted to the port or state where it is collected it can- 
not be considered in any other light than as a Mu- 
nicipal establishment, and would more conveni- 



( 8 ) 

ently be placed under the controul of the state it- 
self. 

I have the honor to be 

very respectfully, 

SIR, 

your obedient servant, 

ALBERT GALLATIN, 
Treasury Department, ~) 
February 16, 1802. 5 

The President of the United States. 



( 9 ) 

Extract of a letter from Evan Jones, Esq. to the 
Secretary of State, dated New-Orleans, lOtb 
August, 1801. 

" A great number of American citizens, espe- 
cially seamen and boatmen from the Ohio, die here 
yearly for want of a Hospital into which they 
might be put and taken care of, not that they are 
refused admittance into the Spanish poor hospital, 
but that building is by much too small for the pur- 
pose. No public house of any reputation will take 
them in, and consequently they lie in their ships or 
boats, or get into wretched cabins, in which they 
die miserably, after frequently subjecting the hu- 
mane among their countrymen to much trouble 
and expence. 

" Will not this be an object, Sir, worthy the at- 
tention of the Government of the United States ? 
And might not a fund be easily established for the 
preservation of these poor people by imposing a 
light tax upon every vessel and boat that comes 
in, as well as upon every seaman and boatman ? 

" About two hundred vessels have entered here 
from sea during a twelve month past, and allowing 
eight men only to each, it makes 1600. Perhaps 
from 350 to 400 boats have come down from the 
Ohio, Sec. during the same time, and allowing four 
men to each, it would make about an equal num- 
ber of men. A small sum from each, added to 
something from every vessel and boat, would pro- 
bably produce a capital equal to the exigency." 



B 



( io ) 

Extract of a letter from E. M. Bay, Esq. to the 
Secretary of State, dated at Charleston, 4tb 
November, 1801. 

" It will readily occur to you, Sir, that thou- 
sands ot our fellow-citizens must soon be employ- 
ed in navigating the ships and boats which must 
ever be used, as the means of transporting these 
commodities* from one place to another. Now, 
Sir, when we take into consideration the climate 
and season of the year, when this commerce must 
be carried on, the risque to our citizens must be 
multiplied in a high degree. It is well known 
that the western rivers cannot be conveniently na- 
vigated into the Mississippi 'till the breaking up 
of the frost in the spring of the year. — It is then that 
that great river begins to rise, and it generally re- 
mains up till July. The great distance and una- 
voidable impediments naturally in the way, will al- 
ways carry over these commercial transactions to 
so late a period, as to leave the great bulk of those 
employed in them, at or about New- Orleans, in 
the sickly season of the year ; which, in that low, 
fiat, unhealthy southern climate, is fatal in the ex- 
treme, to the strong, robust constitutions of our 
tern brethren : hence many of them fall victims 
to climate and disease, leaving families and friends 
Tit a great distance from them. 

o m 

" The want of proper accommodations for poor 
and infirm seamen and boatmen at New- Orleans, 
is another very serious inconvenience our poorer 
class of fellow citizens are much subjected to, in 
that place. It is really pitiable to see such num- 
bers of distressed objects, as sometimes present 
themselves to view, in the sickly months, who 
have been left to shift for themselves, after their 
employers have made their markets. Si 



( 11 ) 

like an Hospital establishment, to be superintend- 
ed by American Physicians, would go a great way 
to alleviate the distresses of these useful men. I 
mention American Physicians, because our people 
are strongly prejudiced against those of the Spa- 
nish faculty ; and generally not understanding the 
language, they derive little or no benefit from 
them." 

* Those of the Western Country, 



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[B] 



TATEMENT of the Marine Hospital Fund, from its Establishment to 30th September, 1801 ; taken from the Agents Accounts, 



New-Hampshire 

Massachusetts 

Maine 

Rhode- Island 

Connecticut 

New- York 

New- Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

Delaware 

Maryland 



- A 



Virginia, (Norfolk) . A. 



" Do. (Alexandria) 
N . C arolina, ( Wilmington ) A 
1 ) o . ( New b ern ) A 

Do. (Edenton) 

South- Carolina 
Georgia 



Amount recei- 
ved by Agents 
from Collec- 
tors. 

Dolls. Cts, 

849 59 

22,666 96 

3,355 94 

4,712 9.6 

3,498 54 

21,250 43 

. 5,803 93 

14,091 22 



5,5.52 .89 



Amount recei-\ 
vedby Agents Amount due b; 



Tennesee and Detroit 



Total- 



932 23 

895 80 

1,091 31 

9,939 54 



94,646 34 



from the Na- 
vy. 

Dolls. Cts, 



2,450 00 



4,017 51 



4,500 00 



10,967 51 



Collectors. 

Dolls. Cts. 

381 16 
8,551 20 

. 2,788 82 

■; 712 60 

2,380 04 

2,584 07 

1,178 79 

10,660 45 
1,429 74 

s 1,918.20 

. 763 75 

• 719 57 

667 28 
515 12 
138 09 
535 05 
152 47 

36,076 40 



Total amount 
of Hospital 
jund. 

Dolls. Cts. 



. 1,230 
31,218 

6,144 
•7,875 

5,878 
23,834 

1,178 
16,469 

1,429 
16,009 



Expenditures. 



Dolls. Cts, 



75 
16 
76 
56 
53 
50 
79 
38 
74 
42 



10*334. 15 



719 57 

932 23 

1,563 08 

1,606. 43 

14,577 63 

535 05 

152 47 

141,690 25 



9 

85 
81 
12 



No hospital. 
9,663 42 

103 

7,662 

1,583 

12,020 

No hospit 

574 49 
No hospital. 
11,568 17 



13,588.16 



536 42 

196 70 

508 66 

17,629 76 

No hospital. 



Balance 
by Agent:, 
and Collec- 
tors. 



74,636 51 



Dolls. Cts. 

1,230 75 
21,554 74 

6,040 SI 
712 60 

4,294 77 
11,814 38 

1,178 79 
15,894 89 

1,429 74 

4,441 25 



Balance due to 
Azents. 



Dolis. Cts 



719 57 

395 81 
1,366 38 
1,097 77 

138 09 
. 535 05 

152 47 



73,761 61 



A 



. The accounts of the Agents for the Hospitals at Philadelphia, Norfolk, Wilmington and Newton 
.are only to the 30th June, 180.1. 



499 89 



3,017 76 



3,190 22 



6,707.87 



f Of this sum there is due to Will. Davis, Agent, 2061 12 
I To Otway Byrd, late Agent, 1,675 32 

J Deduct amount due from ■**. Gate- ~) ^ioro oka a* 
wood, also late Agent, 5 



I 



3,017 76 



Total Hospital Fund, - - - 141,690 25 

jAdvaneed by Navy Department for the pur- } 

chase of Gosport Hospital, not included > 6,185 S3 

in the above account, ) 

Balance due to Agents, - * - 6,707 87 



Dolls. 154,583 45 



Expenditures, - 
Purchase of Gosport Hospital, 

Due by Collectors and Agents, 



74,636 51 
6,185 33 

80,821 84 

73,761 61 

Dolls. 154,583 45 



MedL. Krs't . 

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